Disease Chronic Renal Failure

Chronic kidney disease is generally divided into 5 stages, the division is based on the value of GFR (Glomerular filtration rate).

GFR is the best sign to indicate kidney health. In 2002, the U.S. National Kidney Foundation published treatment guidelines that define five stages of CKD based on declining GFR size. The guidelines recommend different actions for each stage renal disease.

Increased risk of CKD.
GFR of 90 or more is considered normal. Even with normal GFR, we may be at higher risk for CKD if we are diabetic, have high blood pressure, or we have a family history of kidney disease. The more we age, the higher the risk. People aged over 65 years were twice as likely to develop CKD than persons aged between 45 and 65 years. African Americans are more at risk of developing CKD.
Stage 1
Kidney damage with normal GFR (90 or more). Damage to the kidneys can be detected before the GFR begins to decline. In the first stage of kidney disease, the goal of treatment is to slow the progression of CKD and reduce the risk of heart and blood vessel disease.
Stage 2
Kidney damage with mild decrease in GFR (60-89). When kidney function starts to decline, the doctor will estimate the progression of CKD us and continue treatment to reduce the risk of other health problems. Continue reading “Disease Chronic Renal Failure”

Anemia affects lost generation

Know the signs of anemia are weakness, fatigue, lethargy, tired and inattentive, aka 5 L. The incidence of anemia was still quite large. According to Nutritional Anemia prevalence survey (1995) recorded 47.2% (or 17 million people) of the total school-age children in Indonesia suffer from anemia.

Anemia itself is a disease caused by deficiency of hemoglobin levels in the blood. Hemoglobin serves as a carrier of oxygen in the blood to all organs of the body. Oxygen is required for physiological and biochemical processes in each tissue. When blood oxygen deficiency, 5L symptoms, dizziness and decrease appetite. Often times even appearing as the psychological impact of apathy.

According to WHO criteria for anemia is when the hemoglobin level in children under 6 years of age is less than 11 g / dl, while in children over 6 years of age is less than 12 g / dl. To determine levels of hemoglobin must dilakuka blood test. The causes are quite varied, but anemia is a problem for the world is anemia due to lack of iron in the blood or iron deficiency anemia. Continue reading “Anemia affects lost generation”

Cervical Cancer alert

Have you know cervical cancer?

The cervix is ​​the leading part of the uterus (womb) that protrude into the vagina. Maintain uterine cervix remains closed while a in a state of pregnancy, and open when the woman gave birth.

Sometimes the cells in the cervical transformation, reproduce abnormally and even menyerangn other parts of the body. This is what is referred to as cervical cancer.

Every woman is at risk for cervical cancer, especially for those who have the following risk factors:

Having sex at a very early age (not long after the first period)
Have / have had multiple sexual partners
Suffer or have suffered from sexual diseases
Have or have had a spouse who suffers from a sexually transmitted disease
Ever had certain kinds of genital warts caused by HPV (Human Papilloma Virus)
Smokers or ex-smokers
passive smokers Continue reading “Cervical Cancer alert”

Aneurysm, What and How?

Aneurysm is a condition where there are weak areas and prominent blood vessels. This protrusion can only occur on the inside walls of blood vessels or blood vessels could also make it to be as thin as a balloon. This is a dangerous situation because at times it can be ruptured aneurysm.

Aneurysms in the brain can grow large and may suppress the surrounding brain areas, causing a real nuisance, such as headache, nausea, vomiting, pain or stiffness in the neck, blurred vision, or sensitivity to light. But often are not any symptoms, especially in small aneurysms. Aneurysms are rare under the age of 20 years, usually common in older age.

Some risk factors can facilitate a person to experience an aneurysm, which is high blood pressure, traumatic injury to the head, smoking, alcohol users, who have a family history of aneurysm and other congenital abnormalities such as polycystic kidney. Continue reading “Aneurysm, What and How?”

Bye-Bye Body of humpback

Want to say goodbye to your body slouch? Below there are several creative movement atips Marlo Fisken, trainer of the Sports Club / LA in the United States:

Sit upright in a chair. Open your legs shoulder width apart. Put your hands on your knees. Keep your shoulders relaxed. Bend your waist, chest atrik far ahead. Exhale, keep your head, neck, and shoulders. Let the arms hang, draw a deep breath. Do it over and over for a while.
Sitting in your chair. open your knees shoulder width apart. Inhale, turn the body to the right, grab your right knee with your left hand. Exhale while twisting the remote. Repeat for the left side of the body. Do it over and over for a while.
Sit up straight in your chair, open your knees shoulder width apart. Gently Squeeze your shoulder blades, hold briefly and release. Do it over and over for a while.

Straighten your arms forward as if he was hugging a tree, bring your shoulder blades. Slowly, open hand. Do it over and over for a while.
Stood leaning against the wall. Head and shoulders against the wall. Open the legs shoulder-width apart, give a distance of approximately 30 cm from the wall. Inhale, bend your body to the left, right hand straight up. Switch sides. Do it over and over for a while.

What is Different Flu and Colds?

We often attacked by both types of the disease, but often it is difficult to distinguish. At the time of illness, often accompanied by pain in swallowing, cough and fever. Is this what is called the flu (influenza) or just a common cold alone?

Basically, give flu symptoms are more severe than the common cold. And we will feel better when you are suffering from flu than a cold. But it’s not an easy way to tell the difference. Therefore, let us distinguish between each one of the symptoms that may occur.

Fever symptoms

Usually flu is often accompanied by a high increase in body temperature with chills, while the runny nose, fever rarely occurs. If anything, the fever just a mild fever.
Continue reading “What is Different Flu and Colds?”

Eggs and Age

Based on the statement of researchers from the United States, middle-aged men who ate seven eggs per week had a higher risk of death.

Two doctors from Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School found that men who do not suffer from Diabetes can take six eggs per week without additional risk of death.

Other studies claim that men who consumed eggs diabetes increases the risk of death, regardless of the number of eggs consumed. There is also convincing evidence that the risk of heart attack and stroke is greater. Eggs are rich in cholesterol. Consuming eggs in large quantities can clog arteries and raise the risk of heart attack and stroke.

An expert on nutrition and heart disease said the study suggests that middle-aged men should pay attention to the number of eggs they consume.

The men who consumed telurterterbanyak also look older, fatter, ate more vegetables but more secikit cereal, drinking alcohol, smoking, and lack of exercise. All these factors may affect the risk of heart attack and stroke.

What Is a Free Radical?

Free radicals are unstable molecules that can invade and destroy healthy cells. Free radicals can come from within the body and the environment.

In the body, every normal cell process that involves oxygen will produce free radicals. Free radicals are very easily attached and attack fat, carbohydrates, proteins, enzymes and DNA.

From the surrounding environment, free radicals can come from:

Air pollution (cigarette smoke, motor vehicle)
Ultraviolet radiation (sunlight, X-rays)
excessive exercise
Toxic ingredients in pesticides, insecticides, paint or furniture material
Fatty foods (processed foods, fried foods, baked)
Alcohol and coffee
excessive stress Continue reading “What Is a Free Radical?”


Panic is an anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent panic attack and is suddenly (sudden and unexpected) as a result of excessive irrational perception.

Patient as if trapped in extreme hazard, whereas in reality, there is no danger. This has caused fear and discomfort. Patients will tend to avoid situations where panic symptoms may appear.

Panic may arise as a result of:

Childhood behavioral learning process
Perfectionist personality influences
Life stress, loss of a loved figure (example: spouse, parent, etc.)
Pengalamana childhood treated parents tend demanding, temperamental, criticize, too set.
Those circumstances then sparked outrage in the form of physical weakness, appearing in panic symptoms.

Can form a sense of panic symptoms like fainting, fear of death, fear of crowds, palpitations, shortness, the urge to urinate or bowel, dizziness or headache, confusion, difficulty concentrating, sweating, difficulty speaking, difficulty activity, nervousness, trembling, nausea and vomiting, pain in the chest, difficulty swallowing, dry mouth, fatigue, depression.

Are Depression and Related Folic Acid?

Folic acid was not only important for pregnant women. Adults, both men and women also need to ensure adequate folic acid.

Folic acid is a dietary supplement that is cheap and commonly used. During this time known as folic acid supplements must be consumed in the pre-pregnancy and pregnancy. So the notion that circulating vitamin is only needed by the prospective mother. Yet in reality, both adult men and women alike need a daily intake of folic acid. Even the adult daily requirement of folic man as great as the needs of adult women (who are not pregnant).

Folic acid is the synthetic form of vitamin B9 or folate, which are found mainly in leafy vegetables such as spinach, broccoli, red beans, oranges, and also liver. Folate deficiency in pregnant women can lead to birth defects in the spine and brain. And it turns out the effect of folate deficiency in adults can not be taken lightly. Continue reading “Are Depression and Related Folic Acid?”